Risks of Weight Loss Surgery
As with any surgery, bariatric surgery has some risks.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)/Pulmonary Embolism
A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the lungs. The problem actually begins in the legs, where blood clots can form in the veins of the calves or thighs, especially if the legs are stationary. Such clots (known as deep vein thrombosis, or DVT) can cause leg swelling or pain. However, they present the most danger if they break off and travel to the lungs. A large clot can cause shortness of breath or completely block blood from entering the lungs, causing death. Overweight patients have a higher risk of forming blood clots in the legs, particularly during or soon after surgery. To prevent pulmonary emboli, your legs will be fitted with compression boots during surgery and you will be given a small dose of a blood thinner at the time of surgery. The best prevention is to get out of bed and walk as soon as possible after surgery.
* To help prevent clots from forming, you will need to take Lovenox for several days after surgery. This medication is self-injected at home and you will be instructed on how to do this by your nurse at the bariatric center.
As with any surgery, the incision site can become infected. In overweight patients who have more fat in their abdominal walls, the infection can be deeper than usual. Minor infections are treated with oral antibiotics. Deeper, more serious infections may require opening the wound and packing it with gauze, in addition to receiving antibiotics.
During any surgery there is a risk for bleeding to occur. To prevent excessive bleeding during and after the surgery, it is important that you follow our pre-op instructions about medications and foods to avoid prior to surgery. Some medications can increase your risk of bleeding.
As with any surgery, there is a risk of lung complications such as fever, pneumonia, or shortness of bDuring any surgery there is a risk for bleeding to occur. To prevent excessive bleeding during and after the surgery, it is important that you follow our pre-op instructions about medications and foods to avoid prior to surgery. Some medications can increase your risk of bleeding.reath. These can be prevented by using your incentive spirometer, a device to help respiration, which will be provided to you at the time of your surgery.
Anytime patients undergo an operation, there is a risk of death. The bariatric surgeries we perform are very safe, and we take many precautions to ensure your safety.